Selected Native Plants to Encourage for Wildlife
Freshwater Emergents - plants that extend above the surface of the water.
|Common Name ||Scientific Name |
|Asiatic Dayflower ||Aneilema kiesak |
|Spikerush ||Eleocharis spp. |
|Bulrush ||Scirpus spp. |
|Wild Millet ||Echinochloa spp. |
|Fall Panicum ||Panicum spp. |
|Smartweed ||Polyganum spp. |
|Flatsedge ||Cyperus spp. |
|Redroot ||Lachnanthes spp. |
|Arrow Arum ||Peltandra spp. |
|Giant Foxtail ||Setaria magna |
Freshwater Pad Plants - plants that only reach the water's surface.
|Watershield ||Brasenia schreberi |
|White Waterlily ||Nymphaea odorata |
Freshwater Submergents - plants that grow completely below the water's surface
|Pondweed ||Potamogeton spp. and Najas spp. |
|Muskgrass ||Chara spp. |
Brackish Water - plants that grow in water with a relatively low salt content.
|Widgeongrass ||Ruppia maritima |
|Saltmarsh Bulrush ||Scirpus robustus |
|Dwarf Spikerush ||Eleocharis spp. |
Bibliography of selected wetland plant identification books:
Aulbach-Smith, C.A. and de Kozlowski, S. J. 1990. Aquatic and wetland plants of South Carolina. South carolina Aquatic Plant Management Council and South Carolina Water Resources Commission. 123 pp.
Lewis, G.W. and J. F. Miller. 1984. Identification and control of weeds in southern ponds. UGA Cooperative Extension Service. 26pp.
Tiner, R. W. 1993. Field guide to the coastal wetland plants of the southeastern United States. The University of Massachusetts Press. 328 pp.
Duncan, W. H. and M. B. Duncan. 1987. The Smithsonian guide to seaside plants of the Gulf and Atlantic coasts from Louisiana to Massachusetts, exclusive of peninsular Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press. 409 pp.